The oil and gas sector is transforming, with greater diversification and expansion of upstream, midstream, and downstream operations.
In the upstream segment, exploration of unconventional sources, like shale gas, tight gas, coal bed methane, and heavy oil, is the new area of focus for oil and gas experts. The shale gas revolution has been a big game changer for the US economy, and several other countries are expecting similar booms in the near future.
The downstream (oil and gas refinery) sector is also experiencing growth because of the increasing production of shale gas and tight gas.
Since the onshore oil and gas industry has reached a saturation point, attention is now turning to offshore operations.
However, growing environmental concerns have now compelled governments to mandate strict regulations on oil and gas production, which is likely to impact business dynamics in this market significantly through the projected period.